Philadelphia’s Eminent Domain Addiction

[Originally published by Market Urbanism]

 

1. My Forbes article this week draws parallels between the world’s three most notable recent cases of economic collapse–Detroit, Greece, and Puerto Rico.

2. The subject of eminent domain in Philly has been hot recently on this blog, with both Emily and I discussing plans by the city’s housing authority to seize 1,330 properties for a redevelopment plan in the blighted Sharswood neighborhood. We both–along with reader Adam Lang–noted the irony of a government authority wanting to expand its footprint in a neighborhood that it had already destroyed with public housing and property neglect. Yet during research, I found out that the Sharswood plan was just the start of Philadelphia’s eminent domain policies. There have, in fact, been several other recent takings by the city, and it’s possible that I don’t even know of them all. If any of you who are familiar with local politics can add to this below list, please inform me in the comments section:

a. in December of 2012–just four days before the Pennsylvania state legislatures’ legal protections against eminent domain abuse would go into effect–the Philadelphia Redevelopment Authority tried to seize an artist’s studio in the struggling Mantua neighborhood. The city ultimately lost, but not before dragging owner James Dupree through two years of litigation. The rationale was to build a grocery store.

b. in the gentrifying Kensington neighborhood, the Philadelphia Redevelopment Authority seized 35 properties–including several from one owner–to build affordable housing. The project has broken ground, and was overseen by the Arab-American Community Development Corporation, a bureaucracy whose overt racial pandering appears remarkable even for a left-wing U.S. city.

c. in Point Breeze, a developing neighborhood just south of Center City, 17 private lots were condemned to build affordable housing, some of which were already slated for private development.

d. and then there’s the Sharswood plan, which far exceeds any of these in scope

One shared trait of these neighborhoods, as noted in the above links, was that they each had a litany of abandoned, government-owned property. This, in fact, is common throughout all of Philadelphia (as anyone who has visited knows). According to Grounded in Philly, a group that turns some of these lots into gardens, the city has over 40,000 abandoned lots, and owns over a quarter of these.

This means that there is plenty of room for new construction, without having to take private property. So why do Philadelphia’s agencies for housing and redevelopment continue doing this? Perhaps I’ll give the staffers for both a call this week, because I really am growing curious.